- Crawl up the rib-cage using both hands
- The notch where your two hands meet is the xiphoid
- Place the heel of your hand two finger widths above
the xiphoid process - on the sternum
- Interlock your two hands and push down 1.5-2 inches
(4-5 cm) on the sternum
- Compress 30 times then give 2 breaths (this is 1 cycle)
- Recheck the pulse after 1 minute (equivalent to approx.
Lay rescuers should no longer interrupt CPR to check
- Continue CPR until help arrives, an AED arrives, or
the victim begins to move
If Automatic External Defibrillator arrives attach it to
Each compression should be faster than 1 second. PUSH HARD,
PUSH FAST. Aim for 100 compressions/minute. Make sure to allow
complete chest recoil after each compression.
If you are doing 2-person CPR on an adult, one person does the
chest compressions, while the other gives the breaths. The ratio
of compressions to breaths is still 30:2. Take turns after performing
a few minutes of compressions.
If you do not have a facemask or other physical barrier and
feel uncomfortable giving mouth-to-mouth breaths, you may do
chest compressions without ventilations.
Click to see the landmark position
(Remember to reposition after giving breaths)
Click to give a compression
(Remember to keep your arms at a 90 degree angle to the chest
and to keep your elbows locked while compressing)